Green development of aquaculture in Weihai
Chinese people have known since ancient times that "the benefits of fish and salt, the convenience of boats", but "farming the sea and planting lakes" is a revolutionary change since the founding of new China. With the development of the Republic of China, China's mariculture industry has become the first in the world. Weihai, with its unique geographical advantages, has emerged at the forefront of the five waves of mariculture in China.
On December 29, at the Forum on promoting the green development of aquaculture in Weihai City, marine experts and relevant departments of Weihai marine development launched a discussion around "several opinions on accelerating the green development of aquaculture", to study how to develop the aquaculture industry in Weihai with green and high quality.
While aquaculture enriches people's dining table, there are also problems such as extensive aquaculture methods, backward facilities and equipment. Green development is the inevitable choice for the transformation and upgrading of aquaculture. In order to solve the outstanding problems faced by the green development of aquaculture, the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas, together with the Ministry of ecological environment, the Ministry of natural resources, the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of finance, the Ministry of science and technology, the Ministry of industry and information technology, the Ministry of Commerce, the State Administration of market supervision, and the Bank of China Insurance Regulatory Commission, jointly issued several opinions on accelerating the green development of aquaculture.
Weihai has a good industrial foundation for the green development of aquaculture. The city has successfully established 11 national marine ranch demonstration zones, accounting for 1 / 10 of the total number of the country, ranking first in the country. Flatfish industry accounts for about 70% of the country, and seafood processing accounts for about 20% of the country. Rongcheng kelp and Rushan oyster have become geographical indication products.
Since the wave of seaweed culture represented by kelp and lavender culture in 1960s, Weihai has established the leading position in the whole country from seedling raising to breeding production and processing. In 2018, it has been awarded the belt cultivation area of 145000 mu, with a production of 430000 tons, accounting for 30% of the cultivated area and output of the whole country, and is the "hometown of the Chinese sea belt". April to June are the harvest season of the kelp. Every day, it goes to sea at 3:00 a.m. and returns to the port at more than 8:00 in the morning. From harvesting to drying, manual operation is required, which is both hard and laborious. Mechanization can save labor cost, save labor time, make the connection between the upstream and downstream of kelp culture and other marine products aquaculture more closely and smoothly, which is an important part of the green development of aquaculture.
The development of green aquaculture is an important measure of supply side structural reform, is the market demand, is the only way out for sustainable development of fisheries, is the national policy guidance, is also the main measures and methods to achieve fishery quality and efficiency. Weihai has the advantages and foundation of green development, and still has a lot of room for progress, so the green development of aquaculture is imperative.
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